Benign Ovarian Cancer

Benign Ovarian Cancer

What is the benign ovarian cancer?

Ovarian cancer is cancer that begins in the ovaries. Ovaries are reproductive glands found only in females (women). The ovaries produce eggs (ova) for reproduction. The eggs travel through the fallopian tubes into the uterus where the fertilized egg implants and develops into a fetus. The ovaries are also the main source of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. One ovary is located on each side of the uterus in the pelvis.

Symptoms and Signs of Benign Ovarian Cancer

The list of symptoms will look familiar to most women. What you need to know about benign ovarian cancer is that the symptoms are:

  • Frequent – they happen more than 12 times a month
  • Persistent – they don’t go away
  • New – they are not normal for you and may have started in the last year

Research has shown that the key symptoms to be aware of are:

  • Persistent pelvic or abdominal pain (that’s your tummy and below)
  • Increased abdominal size/persistent bloating – not bloating that comes and goes
  • Difficulty eating or feeling full quickly
  • Urinary symptoms (needing to wee more urgently or often than usual)

Occasionally there can be other symptoms such as:

  • Changes in bowel habit
  • Extreme fatigue (feeling very tired)
  • Unexplained weight loss

If you regularly experience any of these symptoms, which are not normal for you, it is important that you see your doctor. It is unlikely that your symptoms are caused by a serious problem, but it is important to be checked out.

Risk factor and cause of Benign Ovarian Cancer

Who is most likely to develop benign ovarian cancer?

It is impossible to predict who will or won’t develop benign ovarian cancer, but the most important risk factors for benign ovarian cancer are age and a strong family history.

Age

Most cases of benign ovarian cancer occur in women who have already gone through the menopause, sometimes known as the ‘change of life’. This means women over the age of 50 have a higher risk of developing benign ovarian cancer than women under the age of 50. Although it is not common for young women to develop benign ovarian cancer, it does happen, so all women should be aware of the symptoms of benign ovarian cancer, especially if they have a family history of the disease.

In the UK, women have a 2% chance of developing benign ovarian cancer during their lifetime. Put another way one in every 50 women will develop the disease at some time during their life. They are most likely to develop the disease over the age of 50, and often considerably later in their life.

Family history

Most cases of benign ovarian cancer (9 out of every 10) will be ‘sporadic’. This means they are one offs, and close female relatives face no significant increase in their risk of developing the disease themselves. This is important to remember, as it is naturally worrying if a close family member develops such a disease. However in most cases women can be reassured.

Where there are two or more cases of benign ovarian, or malignant ovarian and breast cancer on the same side of a woman’s family (her mother’s or her father’s side) amongst close relatives it is worth speaking to your GP as it can indicate the possibility of an inherited faulty gene. It is a complex area that is yet to be fully understood.

Women who inherit a faulty copy of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene (BReast CAncer 1 and 2) have a much higher risk of developing breast and/or benign ovarian cancer than the general population. The gene can be responsible for clusters of small bowel, ovarian, endometrial, stomach, liver, kidney,bladder or brain cancers.

Diagnosis of Benign Ovarian Cancer

What is the diagnosis for benign ovarian cancer?

Diagnosis of benign ovarian cancer starts with:

  • a physical examination (including a pelvic examination),
  • a blood test (for CA-125-cancer antigen 125 or carbohydrate antigen 125 and sometimes other markers),
  • transvaginal ultrasound.
  • take biopsies (tissue samples for microscopic analysis) and look for benign cancer cells in the abdominal fluid.

The diagnosis must be confirmed with surgery to inspect the abdominal cavity.

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Treatment of Benign Ovarian Cancer

What is the treatment for benign ovarian cancer?

If you are diagnosed with benign ovarian cancer, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including:

  • The stage of the benign cancer,
  • The size of the tumor after surgery (debulking)
  • Your desire to have children
  • Your age and overall health

The treatment for benign ovarian cancer will be customized to patient particular needs. Generally surgery is the first step, followed by chemotherapy. One or more of the following therapies may be recommended to treat benign ovarian cancer or help relieve symptoms.

Surgery

Surgery is the main treatment for benign ovarian cancer. Often, surgery is done to remove or biopsy a mass to find out if it is cancer. Once cancer is confirmed, the surgeon stages the cancer based on how far it has spread from the ovaries. If the disease seems to be limited to one or both ovaries, the surgeon will biopsy the pelvis and abdomen to find out if the cancer has spread.

Debulking

When it is obvious during the surgery that benign ovarian cancer has spread, the surgeon will remove as much of the tumor as possible. This may help other treatments work better. The ovaries, uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and omentum (fatty tissue around these organs), and any other visible tumors in the pelvic and abdominal areas may be removed during debulking. The spleen, lymph nodes, liver or intestines also may be removed partially or completely. Sometimes debulking is not possible because the patient is not healthy enough or the tumor may be attached to other organs. In these cases, any tumor left will be treated with chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy

You may need chemotherapy after surgery to destroy benign ovarian cancer cells that are still in the body. Intraperitoneal therapy (IP therapy) is a way to give chemotherapy drugs. It may be used if a small amount of tumor is left after debulking. Sometimes IP chemotherapy works better than regular chemotherapy. In IP treatment, concentrated chemotherapy is put into the abdominal cavity through a catheter (tiny tube) or implanted port. This allows it to come into contact with the cancer and the area of the body where the cancer is likely to spread. The drugs also get into the blood and travel through the body.

Radiation Therapy

Although radiation therapy rarely is used to treat benign ovarian cancer, it may help destroy any cancer cells that are left in the pelvic area. It also may be used if the cancer has come back after other treatments. In most cases, the main goal of radiation therapy is to control symptoms such as pain, not to treat the cancer.

Targeted Therapies

These new drugs stop the growth of cancer cells by interfering with certain proteins and receptors or blood vessels that supply the tumor with what it needs to grow.

Treatment of Benign Ovarian Cancer by Malaysia Chinese Master

Can Chinese herbal and acupuncture cure for benign ovarian cancer?

The answer is not 100% but, herbal medicine and acupuncture techniques can reduce the size of the cancer cells and prolong the life of a cancer patient. The recovery also rates depends on the grade,stages and types of cancer, the location cancer, the size of cancer, how long that cancer are happen and also age and patients general health.

The Malaysia Chinese Master‘s way of herbal medicine treatment have been very effective on the treatment of benign ovarian cancer and infertility. The benign ovarian cancer herbal treatment will regenerates the ovaries, hormone, kidney and stomach’s “Qi” system to overcome these benign ovarian cancer conditions and therefore getting better.

The herbal medicine for benign ovarian cancer acupuncture treatment. The herbal treatment for benign ovarian cancer may varies from one to another, depends on factors like your “Qi” level in your kidneys and Lungs and so on. Therefore, act now to reduce the pain and symptoms. As we’ll know prevention is better than cure.

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July 4, 2012Permalink